Room is the seventh novel by author Emma Donoghue, who has also written four collections of short stories, two books of literary history, six plays, and numerous non-fiction pieces. It was loosely inspired by the Fritzl case, in which Josef Fritzl held his daughter captive in a concealed area of his home for 24 years. A film adaptation of Room, released in 2015 and directed by Lenny Abrahamson, was awarded the 2015 Toronto Film Festival's People's Choice Award. This film also received four 2016 Oscar nominations, including Best Director for Lenny Abrahmson and Best Adapted Screenplay for Emma Donoghue. Donoghue has also received a Golden Globe and Bafta nomination for this work.